What was the cause of the Punic Wars? Roman aggression, Carthaginian humiliation, and Hamilcar’s attempts at redemptions were all outcomes of the end of the First Punic War. Hannibal attacked the city of Saguntum, which Rome claimed was its ally. Both sides prepare for war Rome wants to use superior navy to attack Carthage homeland. Search. The Third Punic War was entirely avoidable was caused by Rome taking advantage of Carthage while they were weak. Flashcards. 218 when Hannibal took control of the Greek city and Roman ally Saguntum (in Spain). The Second Punic War-In 226, the Romans pledged to not interfere with anything south of the Ebro River, but after the first punic war, a city named Saguntum, south of the Ebro River, asked Rome for help against the Carthaginians. In 219 BC Carthaginian general Hannibal besieged Saguntum, the last Spanish city south of the river Ebro not under Carthaginian control.Saguntum was an ally of Rome, so Hannibal's attack provoked the Second Punic War. However, although Carthage had to pay massive reparations after the Second Punic War, it seemingly recovered well and became prosperous due to trade. A collection of essays detailing many interesting and often overlooked areas of the Second Punic War. The Causes of the Second Punic War . Log in Sign up. rome's ability to adapt to war and their numbers. South of the river Ebro, Sagunto was only sea town (it was Hellenized Iberian city), which did not obeyed to Carthaginians, but it entered into an alliance with Rome. There were many potential causes of the Second Punic War, but the harsh result of the First Punic War was the most influential factor in the start of the Second Punic War. hannibal and scipio. However, tensions developed as the economic interests of each party began to leave no room for the other. The treaty between Hannibal and Philip V of Macedon clearly envisaged Rome's continuing existence after a Carthaginian victory. STUDY. Rome thought it would be easy to defeat Hannibal, but Hannibal was full of surprises, including his manner of entering the Italic peninsula from Spain. While there was Hannibal’s army getting ready to over throw the Roman Empire with his cavalry and war elephants, on the other end there were the Gallic tribes eager to massacre them. Top Answer. Write. There were three Punic Wars and each of them had different causes. Polybius rightly regarded the latter action as unjustified and the subsequent Carthaginian resentment as a major cause of the Second Punic War. The Carthaginian forces were led by Hannibal (247 - c.181 BC). rome. Learn. The cause of Second Punic War Bust of Hannibal discovered in Capua. What was the cause of the second punic war? oHannibal refuses Roman demands. Create. The First Punic war was precipitated by some mercenaries from southern Italy who … I found this to be essential to my understanding of the war - Lazenby's Was Maharbal Right and Sabin's Mechanics of Warfare in the Second Punic War were my favorites of this. Scipio Africanus Conquers Spain 206 BC. They were great traders and farmers and soon they had created a great city and they dominated large tracts of the coast of Northern Africa. generals of the second punic war . The second Punic war was the result of the growing rivalry between the two great powers that were now struggling for supremacy in the western Mediterranean (Rome and Carthage), with the trigger of the war being the rapid growth of the Carthaginian dominion in Spain, with Carthage building up a great empire in the Spanish peninsula, expecting to raise new armies to invade Italy. First Punic War (264–241 bce) The interval between the First and Second Punic Wars (241–218 bce) Second Punic War (218–201 bce) Campaigns in Sicily and Spain; The war in Africa; Third Punic War … Explain the causes of the Second Punic War a. Sardinia, 237bc. Hannibal besieged the town under the pretext that the Sagunto attacked one of the tribes, which were under Carthage authority. The cause of the Second Punic War is an issue of some great debate. Second Punic: 218-201BC was fought when Hannibal wanted revenge for the heavy indemnities Rome imposed on Carthage after Rome won the first Punic War. Browse. That's the most honest answer I can give. Battle of Cannae 216 BC. once again after the First Punic War (264 to 241 BC). The Second Punic War: Causes. Cause and Effect of the Punic Wars . Terms in this set (6) First Punic War Cause. Second Punic War begins. Scipio Africanus Goes to North Africa 204 BC. Although this solution worked, it set up an excuse for Hannibal to advance his cause and progress towards the beginning of the Second Punic War. The Second Punic War broke out in B.C. The Primary Record. Although Hannibal caused havoc and destruction during the Second Punic War, Carthage surrendered in 201 BC and lost its empire in Spain, its fleet, and independence of military action. Second Punic War was also marked by the happenings of Gallic uprisings that made this war a much more complicated affair for the Romans. Taking advantage of Carthage while they were weak of economic interests s at. Gallic uprisings that made this War a much more complicated affair for the Second Punic War attacked of. War cause in Capua Hannibal besieged the town under the pretext that the interference in Saguntum showed desire. The cause of the Punic Wars back to 509BC, two great powers of First. Rome, Carthage, for 17 years, and their numbers to Hannibal s! 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