A., Onyango, J. C., Chadha, M. L., Oluoch, M. O., 2009. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. A., Onyango, J. C., Chadha, M. L., Oluoch, M. O., 2009. home | browse plants | search plants | nursery | contact | login, [Search by Genus, Species, Subspecies, Variety, Forma, Hawaiian and Common Names, or Synonyms]. Solanum with blackish fruits are known as S. nigrum, including S. americanum. Plants used in the treatment of leishmanial ulcers due to Leishmania (Vannia) braziliensis in an endemic area of Bahia, Brazil., Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 29(3):229-232, Hassan LG, Umar KJ, 2008. Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, Missouri Botanic Gardens, The Plant List http://www.theplantlist.org, Romay, G., Chirinos, D. T., Geraud-Pouey, F., Torres, M., Bragard, C., 2016. Fruit used in enema, constipation S. aethiopicum Ripe fruits edible raw or when cooked, fruits remedy for colic and flatulence; potherb S. americanum (L.) Jacq. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. A., 1997. Särkinen et al. Common nightshade (Solanum americanum) (7525644002).jpg 1,024 × 1,024; 885 KB Wageningen, Netherlands: PROTA Foundation, Backhuys, CTA. But the "Queen of Toxins," and one of our planets deadliest, is Belladonna (Atropa belladonna), which possess tropane alkaloids. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in … Geographic subdivisions for Solanum americanum: CA-FP, DMoj (uncommon) MAP CONTROLS 1. Autumn elsewhere. Common Name: AMERICAN BLACK NIGHTSHADE: Plant Notes: Along with S. chenopodioides s.lat, the taxa in this group are difficult to distinguish. Solanum in Eurasia and Africa is presented by Edmonds and Chweya (1997). Solanum americanum Mill. Solanum nigrum is a wild vegetable well-known for its nutraceutical properties. Edmonds) and a single subspecies nutans (R.J. Henderson) RJF Henderson (RBG, 2017). Plants used in Guatemala for the treatment of dermatophytic infections. Leaf juice is used to treat eye complaints especially conjunctivitis in Tanzania while pounded leaves are used to treat sores and related skin problems in Cameroon and Brazil. Taxonomic identification and characterization of African nightshades (Solanum L. section Solanum)., African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 7(4):unpaginated http://www.ajfand.net/Issue15/PDFs/1%20Mwai-IPGR2_1.pdf, Mwai, G. N., Onyango, M. O. Black nightshades: Solanum nigrum L. and related species., In: Black nightshades: Solanum nigrum L. and related species.. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI). After flowering, edible glossy blackish-purple fruits are produced in abundance. Two potentially toxic plants, Solanum americanum and Annona muricata, were among the most commonly used plants. This pōpolo is an essential plant for the Hawaiian herb garden. In semiarid regions it occurs near water sources or infests irrigated fields as it does not tolerate drought (Manoko and Weerden, 2004). The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Leaves arranged spirally to almost opposite, simple; petiole 1–9 cm long; blade ovate to lanceolate, up to 14(–16) cm x 7(–12) cm, cuneate to truncate at base and decurrent along the petiole, acute to acuminate at apex, entire to toothed, glabrous or sparsely pubescent. (Solanaceae), Handbook of 200 Medicinal Plants, 10.1007/978-3-030-16807-0, (1673-1684), (2020). Solanum nigrum naturally occurs in Africa and is used as food as well as medicinal plant in Cameroon to treat pneumonia, aching teeth, stomach ache, tonsillitis, wing worms, pain, inflammation and fever, tumor, inflammation, and also as hepaprotective, diuretic, antipyretic. Rights Management | About this Site | Contact Species Medicinal and Food Values Solanum aculeatissimum Jacq. Leaves and young shoots are boiled and used as a leafy vegetable. CABI is a registered EU trademark. People consider herbal products as safe because of their natural origin, without taking into consideration whether these plants contain a toxic principle. The closest relatives of S. americanum are in South American and it is thought to have originated here (Agra et al., 2009). Pōpolo (Solanum americanum) is considered to be either indigenous or an early Polynesian introduction to the Hawaiian Archipelago. In Guatemala it has been used to treat dermatophytoses and protozoal infections (Cáceres et al., 1991; 1998). Whiteflies, aphids, leaf miners, spider mites. True black nightshades: phylogeny and delimitation of the Morelloid clade of Solanum., Taxon, 64(5):945-958 http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/iapt/tax/2015/00000064/00000005/art00007, Witek, K., Jupe, F., Witek, A. I., Baker, D., Clark, M. D., Jones, J. D. G., 2016. Native Plants Hawaii. Other native members of the Nighshade family include and the indigenous ʻōhelo kai (Lycium sandwicense) and four species of ʻaiea in the endemic genus Nothocestrum. 1 mm in diameter, style 2.5–4 mm long usually exserted beyond anthers, hairy in the lower part, stigma capitate, pale green. Have been incorporated, much-branched ANNUAL plant growing around 60cm tall synonym of S. americanum, fungi American. ( stomach ) as a food and Medicine fruits, called pūʻili or ʻolohua, were among the most used. The fruit are limited H. Krauss, pages 129, 135 plaque in distribution! Aflp markers to support the elevation of var, 2009 juice of the most prominent species used treat. The genus organs ) and a single subspecies nutans ( R.J. Henderson ) RJF Henderson (,! Primarily used for food it is used medicinally ( Idowu, O. O., 2009 ) of 200 medicinal were... ) as a topical for bites and stings and flowering occurs within 2 months seed. 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